What Causes Blood Sugar Spikes?
When a person has diabetes, it can cause their blood sugar levels (also called blood glucose levels) to rise to an unhealthy level. In healthy people, the hormone insulin allows the body to use glucose for energy. But, when a person has diabetes, their body either does not produce enough insulin or it cannot use insulin properly. This is what causes blood sugar levels to get too high. Understanding what can make blood sugar rise can help to better manage diabetes in your elderly family member. Below are some foods that can cause blood sugar spikes.
Managing diabetes involves watching the carbohydrates that the diabetic consumes. Bread, of course, is a major source of carbs. But, people are often surprised to find out that the kind of bread product a person eats makes a difference. Bagels are a perfect example. The average 4.5-inch diameter bagel contains more carbs than a glazed donut! There are about 294 calories and 58 grams of carbs in a bagel that size. In comparison, an English muffin contains only 140 calories and 27 grams of carbs. If the older adult enjoys bagels, consider getting mini bagels or serving just half a bagel.
Its best to avoid soda and other sugary drinks. That includes sports drinks. Sports drinks might be great for helping the body to re-hydrate, but they also contain a lot of carbs. The average sports drink has as much as 19 grams of carbs in an 8-ounce serving. When your aging family member is thirsty, reach for water or an unsweetened beverage again.
Fruits contain sugar, but some kinds of fruit contain more than others. In fact, the same kind of fruit can have more sugar in one form than in another. For example, a serving of 10 fresh grapes (about 1.75 ounces) has 34 calories and 8 grams of sugar. Now, take those grapes and turn them into raisins and a 1.5 ounce serving has 129 calories and 15 grams of sugar.
Fatty foods can contribute to blood sugar spikes because they take a long time for the body to digest. As a result, they can make it harder to control blood sugar levels. It’s okay for diabetics to eat fatty foods in moderation, just be sure to make up for it in other food eaten that day.
Concerned about sugar spikes in your diabetic family member? Elderly care can help your senior to avoid them. An elderly care provider can make meals that stick to the established meal plan. They can also monitor the amount of carbs the senior is eating and help them to make better choices. Elderly care providers can even help to plan meals and take the older adult shopping for healthy ingredients that will help keep blood sugar levels under control.